Qatar at a Glance
Geography & Demography
Official Name
State of Qatar
Capital
Doha
Major Cities
 
Doha, Al-Wakrah, Al-Khor, Dukhan, Al-Shamal, Msaieed, Ras Lafan.
Geographical location
Located in the North of the Persian Gulf, bordering Saudi Arabia between the latitudes 240 27’ – 260 10’ North and the longitudes 500 45’ – 510 40’ East.
Total Area   
11,521 Sq. Km./4,416 Sq. Miles
Land Border (Southern)
60 km (Saudi Arabia).
Maritime Border
Bahrain, UAE and Iran.
Coastline
563 km.
Landscape  
Most of the country is flat plain, covered in sand and gravel. As a result, most development is along the coast.
Climate
 
Qatar has a desert climate with hot summers, warm winters and scarce rainfall. In Summer (April-October) Temperature goes up to 48 deg cent. (average from 30 -45)  and in winter (November to March) temperature goes down to 10 ( Average 15-25) 
Total Population
2.15 Million (Both Qatari and Non-Qatari with residency permits – as on 30 June 2014, Source: Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics, Qatar)
Note: The above figure represented people both Qatari nationals and Non-Qatari with residency permits who were in Qatar as on 30 November 2013.
Male
1.62 million
Female
0.53 million
Note: The huge difference between male and female population is due to the
increasing number of male expatriates (70 to 80% of expatriates are male).
Qatari Population   
  3,00,000 (Apprx)
Non-Qatari/Expatriates
18,00,000 (Apprx)
Bangladeshi Expatriates
  1,50,000 (Apprx)
Note: The above figure is unofficial as the government of Qatar does not distinguish between Qatari and non Qatari in the national census. The latest national census was held on 30 April 2010, and the census estimated the total Population of Qatar as being 1670389 individuals, with 1270968 males and 399421 females.
      Urban Percentage                :
Growth Rate                    :
Birth rate                        :
Death rate                      :
Life Expectancy               :
 98.8% of total population (2011)
4.19% (2013 est.)
10.08 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
1.54 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
78.24 years
Constitution and State Organs
 
Permanent Constitution
On April 29, 2003, a public referendum overwhelmingly approved the permanent Constitution and on June 8, 2004, the Emir decreed the Permanent Constitution of the state of Qatar to be ratified.
Type of  Government
Constitutional Monarchy (Emiri System)
Head of the State
 
His Highness Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani
Note: The former Emir is currently known as Father Emir and addressed as His Highness. The wife (H.H. Sheikha Jawahir bint Hamad bin Suhaim Al Thani) and the mother of the Emir (H.H. Sheikha Moza bint Nasser), the Heir Apparent and his wife, former Heir Apparent, Personal representative of the Emir (H.H. Sheikh Jassem bin Hamad Al Thani) and Special Advisor to the Emir (H.H. Sheikh Abdullah bin Khalifa Al Thani) are also addressed as His/Her Highness.
 Head of Government
HE Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al-Thani
Prime Minister and Interior Minister
Heir-Apparent
Not yet announced
Note: Rule of the state is hereditary, following the male descendants of the Al-Thani family.  Rule is inherited by the son named Heir Apparent (a Muslim of a Qatari Muslim mother) by the Emir. 
The Legislative Authority
The Legislative Authority is vested in Advisory Council/Al-Shoura Council as prescribed in this constitution.
The Executive Authority
The Executive Authority is vested in the Emir and he shall be assisted by the Council of Ministers as specified in this constitution.
The Judicial Authority
The Judicial Authority is vested in courts of law as prescribed in this constitution. Court judgments shall be pronounced in the name of the Emir.
National Day
December 18
Note: Sheikh Jassim Bin Mohammed Thani, the founder of the State of Qatar, set up the pillars of the Modern State of Qatar on 18 December 1878. Every year the people of Qatar celebrate 18 December as National Day in remembrance of this historic day.
Foreign Policy and Relations
Foreign Minister
H.E. Dr. Khalid bin Mohamed Al-Attiyah
 
Assistant Foreign Minister
H.E. Mr. Mohammed bin Abdullah Meteb Al Rumaihi
Assistant Minister for Service Affairs
H.E. Mr. Rashid Bin Khalifa Al-Khalifa
Assistant Minister for International Cooperation Affairs
H.E. Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdulrahman bin Jassim Al-Thani
Note. The above three Assistant Ministers are also addressed as Minister’s Assistant.
Foreign Policy
Based on the principle of strengthening international peace and security by means of encouraging peaceful resolution of international disputes; and shall support the right of peoples to self-determination; and shall not interfere in the domestic affairs of states; and shall cooperate with peace-loving nations.
Date of opening BD Mission in Qatar
25 June 1975
Date of opening Qatar mission in Dhaka
1982
Note: Article 06 of the constitution states that The State shall respect the international charters and conventions, and strive to implement all international agreements, charters, and conventions it is party thereof.
Economy & Trade
Industries
liquefied natural gas, crude oil production and refining, ammonia, fertilizers, petrochemicals, steel reinforcing bars, cement, commercial ship repair etc.
GDP (PPP)
$191 billion (2012 est.)
GDP-Composition Sector wise
agriculture: 0.1%
industry: 72.4%
Services: 27.5% (2012 est.)
GDP-Real Growth Rate
6.6% (2012 est.), 13% (2011 est.), 16.7% (2010 est.)
Per capita Income
$103,900 (2012 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
1.9% (2012 est.)
Total Export
$133 billion (2012 est.)
Export Items
liquefied natural gas (LNG), petroleum products, fertilizers, steel etc.
Major Export destinations
Japan 26.7%, South Korea 19%, India 12.1%, Singapore 5.7%, China 5.4% (2012)
Total Import
$30.79 billion (2012 est.)
Import Items
machinery and transport equipment, food, chemicals etc.
Major Import destinations
US 14.2%, UAE 11.4%, Saudi Arabia 8.6%, UK 6.4%, Japan 6%, China 4.8%, Germany 4.7%, Italy 4.4%, France 4.4% (2012)
Reserves of Foreign Exchange and Gold
$33.19 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
Natural Gas – proved reserves
25.2 trillion cu m (1 January 2013 est.)
Crude Oil – proved reserves
25.38 billion (1 January 2013 est.)
BD’s Export to Qatar
13.55 million US$ (2012-13)
BD’s Import from Qatar
153.70 million US$ (2012-13)
Remittance from Qatar
286.89 million US$ (2012-13)
Others
Official Holidays
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  • The National Day: December 18
  • The holy Eid Al-Fitr, 10 days
  • The holy Eid Al-Adha, 10 days
  • The Sports Day on Tuesday of the second week of February every year.
The only long vacation for education institutions, both national and expatriate, is summer vacation (July-August). During Ramadan education institutions remain open as usual, until Eid-ul-Fitr vacation. 
Note: The Bangladesh Embassy remains closed only on Qatar National Day (18 December) and on the Sports Day (Tuesday of the Second Week of February) and follows the holidays list approved by GOB.
Literacy Rate
Age 15 and over can read and write
96.3%
Male: 96.5%
Female: 95.4% (2010 est.)
Natural Hazards
Haze, dust storms, sandstorms common
Agricultural land       
5% of total land area.
Official Working Hours
.
 
Ministries and Government Departments: From 7 am to 2 pm
Private Companies and Establishments: From 8 a.m. to 12 p.m. and from 4 p.m. to 8 p.m.
Fridays and Saturdays are the official days off in Qatar.
The Embassy of Bangladesh: From 7:30 am to 2:30 pm
Language
 
Arabic is the official language of the country, but English is also widely used. Bangla, Hindi, Philippine and Nepalese are used among the expatriates.
Religion
 
Islam is the official religion, and the Islamic Law (Sharia) is a major source of legislation in the country.
Electric Current
240V/50Hz
Weights and Measures
The metric system is in practice.
Political Parties
None
Fiscal Year
01 April-31 March